Hand Signals



In a standard staggered formation, you should be 1 to 1.5 seconds behind the staggered bike
in front of you, which would put you 2 to 3 seconds behind the bike directly in front of you.

If you like to ride slowly or are new to group riding get up front in the formation. Those who
like to ride fast should ride in the back. New riders may think they want to ride in the back, but
the reality is just the opposite, they need to be near the front.

Spread out a little around tight corners.  Most will need a little extra space.  We don’t want
anyone riding off into the ditch.

No horseplay!.  People should also not slow way down from the group, then zoom back up to
the group.  While it may be fun to goof around with your bike when you’re alone, it can create
problems with the safety of the group.

Below are some more common hand signals used when riding in groups sponsored by Fairfax
VA H.O.G.


:
Start Engines:  With right or left arm
extended upward, move index finger in
a circular motion.
Also means: "Prepare to start rolling!" -
for example when a red traffic light is
about to turn green.
Stop:  Extend left or right arm at a
45-degree angle downward with the palm
facing rearward
Slow Down:  Extend left or right arm at
a 45-degree angle, and move hand up
and down.
Tighten-Up:  Raise left arm with fist
clenched, and repeatedly move the fist up
and down.  Indicates leader (Road
Captain) wants the group to reduce
separation between riders.
Left Turn:  Raise left arm horizontally
with elbow fully extended.
Right Turn:  Raise left arm horizontally
with arm bent at elbow 90 degrees
vertically
Hazard Left:  Option #1:  Extend left
arm at a 45-degree angle and point
towards the hazard.  Option #2:  Shake
and/or point to hazard with left leg.  
(This is good to use when you
shouldn\'t take your hands off the
handlebars.)
Hazard Right:  Option #1:  Extend right
arm at a 45-degree angle and point
towards the hazard.  Option #2:  Shake
and/or point to hazard with right leg.  
(This is good to use when you
shouldn\'t take your hands off the
handlebars.)
Single File Formation:  Position left
hand over helmet with index finger
extended upward.  Indicates leader
(Road Captain) wants group in a
single-file formation.  Usually done for
safety/road conditions.
Staggered Formation:  Raise left arm
well above shoulder with left hand
showing index and pinkie finger
extended, and continuously rotate
hand.  Indicates return to staggered
formation.
Images courtesy Endless Mountains H.O.G. Chapter.
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